Transition from Basic Education to TVET will be relatively seamless under CBC. This is because learners will have specialized in the relevant areas at Senior Secondary School level, including dual certification depending on learner’s ability and career interests.
Further, some programmes in the TVET sector have adopted Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) which is closely aligned to the CBC approach.
To enhance this transition, the Taskforce makes the following recommendations:
- TVET CDACC and KICD to review all TVET curriculum which have not yet adopted the CBET approach.
- MoE to expand infrastructure to support effective delivery of CBET.
- KNEC, NITA, TVET CDACC and KICD to facilitate optional dual certification for learners in Senior Secondary School depending on their abilities and career interests.
- MoE to strengthen the capacity of Kenya Technical Training College (KTTC) and Technical Universities to train trainers of TVET.
- TVETA to establish the National Framework for Incubation Centres in TVET institutions.
- MoE and CoG to create a framework that facilitates sharing of infrastructure and human resource between the Senior Secondary Schools and TVET institutions.
- MoE to develop and implement a national programme for career guidance to enhance transition of TVET graduates into the world of work.
- MoE to fast-track establishment and operationalization of TVET Funding Board as provided for in Article 47 of the TVET Act (2013).
- MoE to adopt the differentiated unit cost funding model that allows for TVET programmes which require higher unit cost of operation to be adequately funded.
- MoE to coordinate the training of instructors and trainers and their human resource management to ensure that they acquire relevant content and pedagogical skills.
- MoE in collaboration with stakeholders to conduct advocacy and publicity campaigns to change the perception of TVET by students and the public.
Regulations and Policy Provisions
- Strengthen the regulatory scope of TVETA to include all training institutions offering Diploma, Certificate and Artisan courses outside the Ministry of Education.
- MoE in collaboration with other government agencies to develop a policy framework for collaboration between TVET institutions and the industry to enhance quality and relevance of the curriculum.