Junior Secondary School (JSS) Grades 7, 8 and 9 will be domiciled in the Secondary Education level. This is informed by the fact that it is at Junior Secondary School that learners will need to deepen their understanding of the broad CBC curriculum and choose the Pathways and Tracks to follow in Senior Secondary School.
According to Executive report that was released at KICD the Primary School level lacks capacity, both in human resource and infrastructure (especially for teaching sciences), to facilitate the expected depth of engagement with the JSS CBC content.
Domiciling JSS at Secondary School level will optimize teacher utilization as they will teach at both Junior and Senior Secondary school levels. This recommendation is aligned to other countries within the East African Community and international best practices.
Learners who, in 2022, will be in primary school Grade 6 under the 2-6-6-3 Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) and those in Standard 8 of the 8-4-4 education system will concurrently transition to Junior Secondary Grade 7 and Secondary Form 1, respectively.
For effectiveness of transition from Primary to Secondary Education of the CBC and 8-4-4 cohorts and domiciling of JSS in the Basic Education structure, critical issues that will influence the double transitions need to be addressed.
These include: a 27% increase in Secondary School learner population in Year 2023 from 4,381,701 to 6,029,168; trends of increased transition from Primary School between Year 2023 and 2025; learner characteristics at transition including changes in psycho social maturity and age decline from an average of 14-year-olds to 12-year-olds; need for expansion of Secondary School human resource and infrastructure as well as funding of the Secondary Education level.
In this context, the Taskforce makes several recommendations on strategy and two (2) under regulations and policy respectively:
- Domicile JSS (Grades 7, 8 and 9) in the secondary school structure.
- Undertake progressive expansion of capacities of existing secondary schools that have adequate land to accommodate more learners in 2023.
- Make provision for primary schools that have adequate infrastructure to establish a Junior Secondary school.
- Merge under-enrolled primary schools, in close proximity, and improve the infrastructure in one to create a Junior Secondary School.
- Develop a framework to facilitate sharing and management of infrastructure among primary and secondary schools that will be established in the same compound.
- Placement to Junior Secondary Schools be based on formative and summative assessments.
- Review the Secondary Education Placement guidelines to provide clear criteria, including the use of assessments for placement of learners in Junior Secondary School.
- Develop a national school transport policy and facilitate establishment of pooled school transport system, where possible, to enhance day schooling.
- Enhance capacity of the School Equipment Production Unit (SEPU) to facilitate provision of resources for Science kits and other related materials for effective implementation of the Junior and Senior Secondary Education curriculum.
- Develop regulations on Minimum Quality Education Norms and Standards for Basic Education.
- Establish multi-agency National, County and Sub-County Transition Committees for effective transition and placement of learners from Primary to Junior Secondary.
- Consider, on need basis, introduction of Double-Track strategy as an option to manage increased secondary school enrolment.